|Altitude:||1,900-2,200 metres above sea level|
|Region:||Nyamasheke District, Western Province|
|Producer:||Tropic Coffee Company Ltd|
Tropic Coffee Company Ltd is a family owned business founded in 2015 with a focus on supporting farmers.
Cyato coffee is 100% red bourbon coffee owned and processed by Tropic Coffee Company. The washing station is located approximately 1930masl in the district of Nyamasheke, in the Cyato sector, in the west of Rwanda. The farming groups supplying coffee to the Cyato washing station is located at 2200masl. The Cyato washing station has been in operation since 2017 and has the capacity to process more than 300 metric tonnes of coffee cherries per season. Due to its cool weather, the harvest season is prolonged up to July.
Drying coffee in a cool climate is one of the crucial factors for high quality coffee production. It gives coffee beans a strong coffee flavour, and pleasant aroma, as well as increasing the longevity of the bean. Cyato have well organised farmer groups who cultivate the plantation around the forest with programs that educate farmers on how to enhance coffee production by preservation of pollinators. Farmers do not use any synthetic fertiliser or pesticide to preserve the lives of all the insects that act as coffee pollinators, especially bees and other creatures that contribute to the quality of the coffee.
Tropic Coffee considers bees and other pollinators as essential players in food production. For a long time, the bees' role in coffee production have never been considered, until recently. The native honeybee existing in Nyungwe forest where Cyato coffee is grown have created a unique profile for this coffee, as during pollination bees leave vital microorganisms, giving the coffee a more uniform size and yields better flavours. Furthermore, research revealed that bee pollination can increase the yield by 36-50%.
Farmers in the Cyato sector own coffee plantations around the Nyungwe forest, which is favourable for coffee not only because of the abundant presence of bees, but also the rich black humus and sandy soil. the region is also host to Lake Kivu, which provides a cool and wet climate at high elevation. All these factors combined result in unique coffee.